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听故事学4000英语词汇76:马修得到的教训

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇3 保罗·纳森

Unit 16 Word List

第16单元 单词表

adolescent n.

青年

An adolescent is a young person or a teenager.

年轻的人或青少年。

→ The adolescent was excited about getting a skateboard for his birthday.

那个少年因为得到了一个滑板作为生日礼物而兴奋不已。

aptitude n.

天资

Aptitude is a natural ability or skill.

一种与生俱来的能力或本领。

→ He has a natural aptitude for water skiing.

他有滑水的天赋。

compliment v.

恭维

To compliment is to say a nice thing about someone or something.

表示夸赞某人某物。

Her co-worker complimented her for doing a good job.

她的同事称赞她做得很好。

hinder v.

阻碍

To hinder is to keep someone or something from doing something.

表示阻止某人做某事。

→ All the traffic hindered me from getting to work on time.

我因为交通阻塞无法按时上班。

journalism n.

新闻业

Journalism is the work of collecting the news to put in newspapers or on TV.

收集新闻发表在报纸或新闻上。

→ Before becoming a teacher, she worked in journalism.

当老师前,她是一名记者。

jury n.

陪审团

A jury is a group of people that listen to a trial and say if someone is guilty.

听审判并判断某人是否有罪的一群人。

→ The jury listened closely to the attorney before they made their decision.

陪审团在作出决定前仔细听取了律师的意见。

justice n.

正义

Justice is fairness in the way that you treat other people.

对待他人的公正的方式。

→ People turn to the court system when they are seeking justice.

人们在寻求正义时会求助于法院系统。

liberty n.

自由

Liberty is freedom to do what you want.

做想做的事的自由。

→ To many people, the Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom.

对许多人来说,自由女神像是自由的象征。

literary adj.

书面的

If someone or something is literary, it is involved with literature in some way.

在某种程度上与书面有关。

→ He worked hard to create a successful literary career.

他努力工作,开创了成功的文学事业。

pharmacy n.

药房

A pharmacy is a place where medicine is sold.

卖药的场所。

My mother sells medicine to people at the pharmacy.

我妈妈是一名药房的售货员。

pill n.

药丸

A pill is a small object that has medicine inside.

包含药物的一种小物品。

→ She took a pill for her headache.

她吃了一片头痛药。

presume v.

假设

To presume is to believe something is true without being certain.

未经证实的情况下认为某事是正确的。

→ Since he raised his hand, the teacher presumed he knew the answer.

因为他举手了,所以老师以为他知道答案。

privacy n.

隐私

To have privacy is to be away from other people.

表示不为人知的。

→ Please hang the sign on the door so we can have some privacy.

请把标示牌挂上,免得有人打扰。

punishment n.

惩罚

A punishment is something that one must endure for any wrong doing.

某人因为犯错而必须经受的处罚。

→ He was given a punishment for being rude to the teacher.

他因对老师无礼而受到惩罚。

sensible adj.

明智的

If someone is sensible, they make good decisions.

表示能做出正确决定的。

→ It was sensible for her to save some money each month.

她每个月存点钱是明智的。

slice n.

薄片

A slice is a piece from something larger, such as a cake.

从更大的物体上获取的一片,比如蛋糕。

→ The girl enjoyed a slice of cake at her birthday party.

这个女孩在她的生日聚会上吃了一块蛋糕。

sorrow n.

悲伤

Sorrow is a very sad feeling.

一种很伤心的感觉。

→ The girl felt sorrow after her best friend moved away.

女孩在她最好的朋友搬走后感到悲伤。

straw n.

吸管

A straw is a thin tube that is used to suck liquid into the mouth.

用来把液体吸进嘴里的一种细管。

→ I drank the orange juice through a straw.

我用吸管喝橙汁。

swell v.

肿胀

To swell is to become larger and rounder.

变得更大更圆。

→ My sister's stomach began to swell after she got pregnant.

我妹妹怀孕后肚子开始慢慢变大。

tidy adj.

整齐的

When something is tidy, it is clean and in order.

表示整洁的。

→ Leon has always been a very tidy boy.

利昂一直是个很整洁的男孩。

Matthew Learns a Lesson

马修得到的教训

Matthew was a sensible boy. He always kept his room tidy and had a natural literary aptitude. One day, he hoped to have a career in journalism. The adolescent spent much of his time reading and liked having privacy. But his quiet personality hindered his ability to make friends.

马修是个聪明的男孩,他总把房间收拾得整齐干净,而且还具有文学天赋。他梦想这有一天能当个记者。他大部分时间都花在阅读上,并且不喜欢与人分享。但是,他这一个性却阻碍了他交朋友。

One day, Matthew went to the pharmacy to pick up some pills for his grandmother. He saw some boys leaning against a pole outside. One of the boys complimented Matthew. "I like your jacket."

一天,马修去药房为祖母买药时发现门外的柱子上倚着几个男孩。其中一个男孩对他说:“我喜欢你的这件夹克。”

Another boy asked, "Do you want to go to Nate's Restaurant?"

另一个男孩说 ,:“你想去内特的饭店吗?”

Sure! Matthew said.

“当然想去了!”马修答道。

The boys walked to the restaurant. They were going to have slices of pizza. They ordered their food and drank soda with straws. They ate until their bellies swelled up. Matthew was having so much fun.

男孩们步行前往饭店。他们打算吃披萨。点了披萨和饮料后,他们放开肚皮饱餐了一顿。马修感到很开心。

One of the boys said, "Let's leave without paying."

其中一个男孩说:“我们不付钱就走吧。”

Matthew didn't want to. But he presumed his new friends wouldn't like him if he didn't.

马修不想这么做,但他知道如果不和他们一起走,这些新朋友们是不会喜欢他的。

Suddenly, the waiter yelled, "Stop!" The two other boys ran, leaving Matthew there alone.

突然,服务员喊道:“站住!”那两个男孩跑开了,只剩马修一个人留在原地。

Soon, the police arrived. "Leaving without paying for your meal is the same as stealing," said the police officer. "The restaurant wants justice. So next week you have to go to court and let a jury decide your punishment."

很快,警察就来了。“吃霸王餐和偷窃同罪,”警官说道。“饭店想要公正处理此事,所以你下周要上法庭,由陪审团决定对你的处罚。”

When he went to court, the judge asked, "Do you have anything to say, Matthew?"

来到法庭后,法官问他:“你有什么要说的吗,马修?”

He said, "I feel sorrow for what I've done. Now I know that real friends won't ask you to do something illegal."

他回答说:“我为自己的所作所为感到痛心。现在我才知道,真正的朋友是不会让我做违法的事的。”

The jury then let him have his liberty. But they made Matthew pick up trash as punishment.

陪审团随后决定释放马修,但作为处罚,他要去捡垃圾。

Much to Matthew's surprise, he ended up meeting some new friends.

令马修大为惊讶的是,他最终结识了一些新朋友。

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